The Cost of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) in Compliant Versus Non-Compliant Patients


  • Kimberly Stephens Rudd University of West Florida
  • Tiffany Jackman University of West Florida



COPD, compliance, noncompliance, Florida, Insurance, Healthcare costs


A literature review conducted, on the cost of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) between patients who are compliant versus non-compliant, reflects on the data for the United States with an emphasis on the areas within the Florida Panhandle. An overview of costs associated with noncompliant COPD patients and strategies for encouraging patients to adhere to treatment and improve healthcare outcomes is provided. A review of recent peer-reviewed articles was performed to determine the additional costs associated with non-compliance. The direct cost of COPD was estimated at $6,246 per patient annually. Nationally projected expenditures for COPD were $49.9 billion in 2010, while costs in Florida were $2.5 billion. Florida’s costs for COPD management ranks much higher than the national average. Potential causes for the differentiation are associated with newer medications and devices that contribute to a higher out-of-pocket expense for patients, patient denial about the seriousness of their illness, and/or inability to understand compliance with treatment. The relationship between the primary care provider and COPD patient is critical for adherence to therapy.


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Author Biography

Tiffany Jackman, University of West Florida

Dr. Tiffany Jackman, Clinical Assistant Professor, teaches Legal Fundamental of Health, Personnel Administration in Health, Human Resources in Healthcare, and Healthcare Law.

Dr. Jackman began working in healthcare in 1998 as a home health caregiver. She spent 13 years as a surgical assistant before becoming the Operating Room Case Coordinator. Later, she became the Manager of Perioperative Materials Management and Supply Chain, at the University of Mississippi Medical Center, overseeing inventory for multiple operating departments including Wiser, Day Surgery Center, Batson Children's, and the Adult Operating Room. Dr. Jackman spent several years as a preceptor and lecturer for professional development at the University of Mississippi Medical Center.

Before coming to UWF in 2017, she worked as an administrator at the University of Mississippi Medical Center's Department of Medicine. She has extensive experience in healthcare education and clinical trial research. She is also a Certified Associate of Healthcare Information and Management Systems. Dr. Jackman completed a health policy internship with the Mississippi State Legislature for Mississippi Public Health Association in 2014.

Dr. Jackman received an associate’s degree in applied science and surgical technology from Hinds Community College, a bachelor's of science degree in biology from Mississippi College, a master's of health science from the University of Mississippi, and doctorate in health administration from the University of Mississippi. 



How to Cite

Stephens Rudd, K., & Jackman, T. (2021). The Cost of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) in Compliant Versus Non-Compliant Patients. Journal of Student Research, 10(1).



Research Articles