A Horseback Riding Simulator


  • Ajitha 3ZWbNS sukumaran Mec
  • Hamed Middle East College


RF transmission;, Arduino UNO;, Liquid Crystal Device;, Free Dome, Trot;, Canter


Horseback riding is a popular sport with a long human history as it improves the flexibility and sense of balance of rider. It is also famous for entertainment, fitness and physical therapy As there are many risk and difficulties facing this sport, a horseback riding simulator is a good alternate option. This paper proposes the design and implementation of a safe and an inexpensive horseback riding simulator using a microcontroller Arduino UNO . This device is useful for practicing the riders and therapeutic purpose The device simulate the main three movement of the horse (walk, trot and canter ) using the mechanical principle of six degree of free dome (6 DOF). Using six-servo motor to control the angular position that are attached on the base of the simulator body. The idea of controlling the movement and switching between the moods is controlled by input units that can be reacted with the rider by using the punching sensor that are placed on the prototype where it is used to switch between the mood by punching this sensor. The data transferred by RF transmission are analyzed and processed by the Arduino, which feed the output devices .The Liquid Crystal Device(LCD) display the mode of the movement. This device is used for the treatment and training workout that provide a realistic movement of the real horse, which obtain to train the weakness muscles and maintaining the pelvis, hip, trunk, head and balancing in response of horse movement. 


Download data is not yet available.


Metrics Loading ...

Author Biographies

Ajitha 3ZWbNS sukumaran, Mec


Hamed, Middle East College

Electronics and Communication Department

References or Bibliography

Kang, S., Yu, C., Jung, G. et al. (2013). Analysis of the indoor horse riding exercise equipment on the young people. Int. J. Precis. Eng. Manuf. 14, 1471–1478. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12541-013-0198-4


Lee, W., So, B. R., Lee, Y., & Moon, C. (2018). A new robotic horseback-riding simulator for riding lessons and equine-assisted therapy. International Journal of Advanced Robotic Systems, 15(4), 172988141878443. https://doi.org/10.1177/1729881418784433

Yamaguchi, M., & Iguchi, N. (1991). Development of a horseback riding simulator. Advanced Robotics, 6(4), 517–528. https://doi.org/10.1163/156855392x00321

Barton, G., Moine, C., & Hawken, M. (2015). Hippotherapy without a horse: The effects of passive movement on core control. Gait & Posture, 42, S29. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gaitpost.2015.03.059

Steven F.Barrett, (2013) Arduino Microcontroller Processing for Everyone!: Third Edition , Morgan & Claypool, doi: 10.2200/S00522ED1V01Y201307DCS043.

Lim.C, Lee.W, Yang.I , Kwon .D.(2013) The modified inverse kinematics on variable crank for the XENMA pelvis rehabilitation robot. 2013 10th International Conference on Ubiquitous Robots and Ambient Intelligence (URAI), 2013, pp. 683-686, https://doi: 10.1109/URAI.2013.6677453.

Lim C, Yang .J and D. Kwon.(2016) Learning a dynamic horse walking model for a simulator using dynamical movement primitives," 2016 13th International Conference on Ubiquitous Robots and Ambient Intelligence (URAI), pp. 174-177,https:// doi: 10.1109/URAI.2016.7625730.

Galadima, A. A. (2014) . Arduino as a learning tool, 2014 11th International Conference on Electronics, Computer and Computation (ICECCO), Abuja, pp. 1-4, https:// doi: 10.1109/ICECCO.2014.6997577.

Yukun Xu., Wenchao Jia., Jingfei Li. (2010)Design and realization of test system for servomotor controller, 2010 International Conference on Computer, Mechatronics, Control and Electronic Engineering, Changchun, , pp. 250-253, https:// doi: 10.1109/CMCE.2010.5610171.

Raihan M. R., Hasan R., Arifin F., Nashif S. Haider M. R..(2019).Design and Implementation of a Hand Movement Controlled Robotic Vehicle with Wireless Live Streaming Feature. 2019 IEEE International Conference on System, Computation, Automation and Networking (ICSCAN), Pondicherry, India, pp. 1-6, https:// doi:10.1109/ICSCAN.2019.8878837.

Adel Z., Hamou A. A. and Abdellatif S.(2018).Design of Real-time PID tracking controller using Arduino Mega 2560for a permanent magnet DC motor under real disturbances. 2018 International Conference on Electrical Sciences and Technologies in Maghreb (CISTEM), Algiers, , pp. 1-5, doi: 10.1109/CISTEM.2018.8613560.

Yukun Xu, Wenchao Jia and Jingfei Li. (2010).Design and realization of test system for servomotor controller," 2010 International Conference on Computer, Mechatronics, Control and Electronic Engineering, Changchun, , pp. 250-253, https:// doi: 10.1109/CMCE.2010.5610171

Pataky M. and Fecil'ak P.( 2019) Remote Arduino programming with Blockly web interface, 2019 International Conference on Computing, Electronics & Communications Engineering (iCCECE), London, United Kingdom, , pp. 22-25, https:// doi: 10.1109/iCCECE46942.2019.8941764.

Afzal A. ,Le Goues C.(2018) A Study on the Use of IDE Features for Debugging," 2018 IEEE/ACM 15th International Conference on Mining Software Repositories (MSR), Gothenburg, 2018, pp. 114-117.

J. Sun, T. Ji, S. Zhang, J. Yang and G. Ji, "Research on the Hand Gesture Recognition Based on Deep Learning," 2018 12th International Symposium on Antennas, Propagation and EM Theory (ISAPE), Hangzhou, China, pp. 1-4, https:// doi: 10.1109/ISAPE.2018.8634348.

Sukumarana, A., & Mb, A. A Brief Review of Conventional and Deep Learning Approaches in Facial Emotion Recognition. Artificial Intelligence for Internet of Things, 101.



How to Cite

sukumaran, A. 3ZWbNS, & AL MUSALHI, H. A. A. (2022). A Horseback Riding Simulator. Journal of Student Research. Retrieved from https://www.jsr.org/index.php/path/article/view/1521