The Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women and Girls Epidemic
Keywords:missing and murdered indigenous women and girls, femicide, feminicide, racism, sexism
This paper explores the missing and murdered indigenous women and girls epidemic in Washington State and how the state has failed to address the issue, underlining its complicity and impunity. It takes into account that this epidemic is part of a global crisis of femicide, drawing specifically on the Latin American term, feminicidios, or feminicide, the gender-based murders of women and the state’s impunity in these cases. This paper then names another form of femicide, ethnic feminicde, arguing that the missing and murdered indigenous women and girls epidemic falls under this crisis because of the underlying systemic racism and sexism in state institutions. This paper uses the indigenous methodologies of reframing and intervention, as described by Linda Tuhiwai Smith, to explore this epidemic, reframing it into a transnational feminist issue, not just and indigenous issue, and asking how Washington state, and America as a whole, can intervene, with indigenous leaders taking charge.
References or Bibliography
Baker, C. N., & Fleischer, K. (2020, October 6). Legislation to Address Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women Signed into Law. Ms. Magazine. https://msmagazine.com/2020/10/06/congress-finally-passes-legislation-to-address-missing-and-murdered-indigenous-women/
Beekman, D. (2019, September 9). Seattle vows to address crisis of missing and murdered indigenous women and girls. The Seattle Times. https://infoweb-newsbank-com.offcampus.lib.washington.edu/apps/news/document-view?p=WORLDNEWS&t=favorite%3ASEATTLE%21Seattle%2520Times%2520Collection%2520with%2520Historical%2520Archive&sort=YMD_date%3AD&page=1&fld-base-0=alltext&maxresults=20&val-base-0=missing%20and%20murdered%20indigenous%20women&docref=news/175DEE620EAED5B8
Burnette, C. E. (2015). From the Ground Up: Indigenous Women’s after Violence Experiences with the Formal Service System in the United States. The British Journal of Social Work, 45(5), 1526–1545.
Corradi, C., Marucuello-Servos, C., Boira, S., & Weil, S. (2016). Theories of femicide and their significance for social research. Current Sociology, 64(7), 975–995.
Echo-Hawk, A., Dominquez, A., & Echo-Hawk, L. (2019). MMIWG: We Demand More. Urban Indian Health Institute.
Frohne, L., & Hansen, B. (2019, October 2). Justice for Rosenda Strong (Vol. 3) [Docuseries]. The Seattle Times. https://projects.seattletimes.com/2019/mmiw/
Green, S. J. (2019, April 5). A Kent woman called 911, then disappeared. That was 10 years ago. Her family and police want to find her. The Seattle Times.
Kelley, A. (2020, February 4). Trump is creating a task force on missing and murdered Native American women. Here’s what it will do. The Hill. https://thehill.com/changing-america/respect/equality/481447-trump-is-creating-a-task-force-on-missing-and-murdered
Lucchesi, A., & Echo-Hawk, A. (2018). Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women and Girls: A snapshot of data from 71 urban cities in the United States.
Substitute House Bill 2951, 2951, Washington State House of Representatives, 2017–2018 (2018).
Pettibon, P. (2021, March 1). Zoom Interview with Paige Pettibon (C. Lunday, Interviewer) [Zoom].
Pool, I. (n.d.). Colonialism’s and postcolonialism’s fellow traveller: The collection, use and misuse of data on indigenous people. In Indigenous Data Sovereignty: Toward an agenda (pp. 57–72). ANU Press.
Presidential Task Force on Missing and Murdered American Indians and Alaska Natives: Operation Lady Justice(Operation Lady Justice). (2020). [Report to the President]. https://operationladyjustice.usdoj.gov/sites/g/files/xyckuh281/files/media/document/operation-lady-justice-report-508_final.pdf
Robert, A. (2020). Telling Untold Stories: Two young Native American lawyers call for action on missing and murdered indigenous women. ABA Journal, 106(4).
Ross, L. (2009). From the “F” Word to Indigenous/Feminisms. Wicazo Review, 24(2), 39–52. https://doi.org/10.1353/wic.0.0041
Saunooke, R. O. (2020). Running for Missing and Murdered Native Women: Expansion of Tribal Court Criminal Jurisdiction. Judges Journal, 59(2), 22+.
Tuhiwai Smith, L. (2012). Decolonizing Methodologies: Research and Indigenous Peoples (Second). Zed Books.
van Schilfgaarde, L. (2021, February 23). Zoom Interview with Lauren van Schilfgaarde (C. Lunday, Interviewer) [Zoom].
Washines, E. (2019, June 20). Who are the missing Native women and how do we find them? Crosscut. https://crosscut.com/opinion/2019/06/who-are-missing-native-women-and-how-do-we-find-them
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2021 Clarissa Lunday; Shirley J. Yee
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
The copyright holder for this article has granted JSR a license to display the article in perpetuity.