Effects of Sleep Deprivation and Early School Start Times on Adolescent Health


  • Teoman Toprak International School of Bellevue
  • Maira Karan University of California, Los Angeles




Adolescent, sleep deprivation, mental health, physical health, school start times, economy, academic performance


As sleep deprivation is a general public health issue reported by the Center for Disease Control, it becomes an even more detrimental problem in adolescent years with potential consequences of physical, mental, and academic impairments leading to chronic health issues such as obesity, metabolic dysfunction, and increased cardiovascular morbidity into adulthood. The reasons behind the epidemic of insufficient sleep during adolescence are complex and multifactorial which include the biological and central changes in sleep regulation in teenage years as well as early high school start times (SST) determined by state legislation and local school districts. This important public health issue of sleep loss in adolescents has led increased research and policy changes about the ideal SST. Studies have shown that later SSTs are associated with positive student outcomes, including improved academic performance, mental health, and physical health, along with increased public safety and long-term economic gains. In light of this scientific evidence, the average teenager is best suited to wake at 8:00 AM or later. In this review article, we aim to summarize the literature and raise awareness on long-term effects of insufficient sleep in teenagers, school start times (and its potential delay), as well as general health recommendations.


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How to Cite

Toprak, T., & Karan, M. . (2022). Effects of Sleep Deprivation and Early School Start Times on Adolescent Health. Journal of Student Research, 11(3). https://doi.org/10.47611/jsrhs.v11i3.3590



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