Impact of Male Out-Migration on Female Empowerment in the Western Highlands of Guatemala


  • Seung Min Baik Kang Colegio Maya de Guatemala
  • Katia Kayayan Colegio Maya de Guatemala



male out-migration, female empowerment, indigenous women, Western Highlands of Guatemala


Male out-migration is a highly prevalent social phenomenon in the Western Highlands of Guatemala, but there is limited understanding on how it impacts the women left-behind, in particular with their empowerment. To determine its impact, eight semi-structured interviews were conducted with indigenous women in this region. Through thematic analysis and a discussion built on previous research, it was found that male out-migration has a limited impact on female empowerment due to several contextual factors, including in-law influence, gender norms, and limited educational attainment. Future research must be conducted on the impact of male out-migration on those left-behind across Guatemala as well as how education empowers women.


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Author Biography

Katia Kayayan, Colegio Maya de Guatemala


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How to Cite

Baik Kang, S. M., & Kayayan, K. . (2022). Impact of Male Out-Migration on Female Empowerment in the Western Highlands of Guatemala. Journal of Student Research, 11(2).



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