An Analysis of Gender Gap in Computer Science in High School


  • Kashika Mahajan Strawberry Fields High School
  • Gayathri Thirumalai Strawberry Fields High School



Computer Science, gender issues, gender gap, computer science education, high school


Computer Science has been a male-dominated field even at its beginning, and it continues to be so. A distinct gap has developed between the number of women and men studying and working in Computer Science, commonly termed as the Gender Gap. Previous studies have uncovered this gap at its worst during college education, where women occupy a small fraction of the STEM-related classes. Surveys and data were taken from a high school to be analyzed. These provide insight into why female students are not as encouraged as their male counterparts regarding the subject. The results show that even at a stage as early as high school, differences in confidence, upbringing and exposure have often deterred female students from pursuing Computer Science. Contrary to the belief that due to the rising dependency on technology more women are pursuing Computer Science, a four-year plot shows that in high schools there is rather a widening gender gap.


Download data is not yet available.

Author Biography

Gayathri Thirumalai, Strawberry Fields High School


References or Bibliography

Adejare, A. R. (2018). Assessing the impact of a role model in the construction of professional identities.

Adeleke, M. A. (2007). Gender Disparity in Mathematical Performance Revisited: Can Training in Problem Solving Bring Difference Between Boys and Girls?. Essays in education, 21(1), 1.

Beyer, S., Rynes, K., Perrault, J., Hay, K., & Haller, S. (2003, January). Gender differences in computer science students. In Proceedings of the 34th SIGCSE technical symposium on Computer science education (pp. 49-53).

Brophy, J. E., & Good, T. L. (1970). Teachers' communication of differential expectations for children's classroom performance: Some behavioral data. Journal of educational psychology, 61(5), 365.

Chiesi, F., & Primi, C. (2015, February). Gender differences in attitudes toward statistics: Is there a case for a confidence gap?. In CERME 9-Ninth congress of the European society for research in mathematics education (pp. 622-628).

Danoff, M. (2017). Gender and Computer Science at Harvard (Doctoral dissertation).

Eddleston, K. A., Veiga, J. F., & Powell, G. N. (2006). Explaining sex differences in managerial career satisfier preferences: The role of gender self-schema. Journal of Applied Psychology, 91(2), 437. doi:

Fennema, E. H., & Sherman, J. A. (1978). Sex-related differences in mathematics achievement and related factors: A further study. Journal for Research in Mathematics education, 9(3), 189-203.

Gadassi, R., & Gati, I. (2009). The effect of gender stereotypes on explicit and implicit career preferences. The Counseling Psychologist, 37(6), 902-922. doi:

Heenwood, F. (1999). Exceptional women? Gender and technology in UK higher education. IEEE Technology and Society Magazine, 18(4), 21-27.

Jacobsen, M. H. (1999). Hand-me-down dreams: How families influence our career paths and how we can reclaim them. New York, NY: Harmony Books.

Jungen, K. A. (2008). Parental influence and career choice: How parents affect the career aspirations of their children.

Kadiri, S. A. (2004). The effectiveness of the personalized system of instruction in mathematics among secondary school students in Osun State. Unpublished Ph. D Thesis, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife.

Martin, C. L., & Ruble, D. (2004). Children's search for gender cues: Cognitive perspectives on gender development. Current directions in psychological science, 13(2), 67-70.

Office, M. I. T. N. (2016). Undergraduate students release report on the status of undergraduate women at MIT. MIT News | Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Retrieved February 21, 2022, from,Tekiela%20write%20in%20the%20report

Powell, R. M. (2008). Improving the persistence of first-year undergraduate women in computer science. ACM SIGCSE Bulletin, 40(1), 518-522. 22. doi:

Sanders, E. (2019). Texas Tech today. TTU. Retrieved February 21, 2022, from

Spencer, S. J., Steele, C. M., & Quinn, D. M. (1999). Stereotype threat and women's math performance. Journal of experimental social psychology, 35(1), 4-28.

Spertus, E. (1991). Why are there so few female computer scientists?.

Tsan, J., Boyer, K. E., & Lynch, C. F. (2016, February). How early does the CS gender gap emerge? A study of collaborative problem solving in 5th grade computer science. In Proceedings of the 47th ACM technical symposium on computing science education (pp. 388-393). doi:

Vitores, A., & Gil-Juárez, A. (2016). The trouble with ‘women in computing’: a critical examination of the deployment of research on the gender gap in computer science. Journal of Gender Studies, 25(6), 666-680.doi:

Vrieler, T., Nylén, A., & Cajander, Å. (2021). Computer science club for girls and boys–a survey study on gender differences. Computer Science Education, 31(4), 431-461. doi:

Women in computer science. Get an Education the World Needs | (2022, February 10). Retrieved February 20, 2022, from,fields%20have%20catered%20to%20men



How to Cite

Mahajan, K., & Thirumalai, G. . (2022). An Analysis of Gender Gap in Computer Science in High School. Journal of Student Research, 11(2).



HS Research Articles