The Escapades of the Desert Fox

What Made Erwin Rommel Such a Successful General, and What Finally Led to his Defeat?


  • Yuktav Srinivas KC High International School
  • Achyuth Chandra KC High School



Erwin Rommel, Bernard Montgomery, World War Two, strategy


Erwin Rommel is often identified as one of the most successful and influential generals of his time period. This literature review analyses his strategies and their application in military situations during World War 1 and 2. Furthermore, this paper looks at the strategy of Bernard Montgomery, often regarded as Rommel’s military counterpart. This paper then compares their strategies and analyses military conflicts between these two generals and the reasons for either success or failure. Previous research has covered the subject of these conflicts, but most fail to address the reasons behind each failure or success, and the link to these generals' ideologies. To accomplish this goal many biographies and autobiographies, as well as letters of these two men, were consolidated and selected for this paper. The major findings of this paper show how Rommel’s initial military success is owed to his ruthless personality and upfront leadership, while his defeat was caused by failing German resources and standards, as well as having to face an equally stubborn, better equipped and strategic foe in Montgomery.


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Author Biography

Achyuth Chandra, KC High School


References or Bibliography

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Lemay, Benoit. Rommel: Germany’S Flawed Champion. Casemate, 2012. Print.

Messenger, Charles. Rommel: Leadership Lessons from the Desert Fox. Basingstoke, England: Palgrave Macmillan, 2009. Print.

Montgomery, Bernard. The Memoirs of Field Marshal Montgomery. Barnsley, England: Leo Cooper, 2005. Print.

Rommel, Erwin. Infantry Attacks. Barnsley, England: Greenhill Books, 2006. Print.

Samuels, Martin. Doctrine and Dogma: German and British Infantry Tactics in the First World War. Westport, CT: Praeger, 1992. Print.

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How to Cite

Srinivas, Y., & Chandra, A. (2022). The Escapades of the Desert Fox: What Made Erwin Rommel Such a Successful General, and What Finally Led to his Defeat?. Journal of Student Research, 11(2).



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