EarBloom: A Bio-Inspired Intersection of High-Fidelity Hearing Protection and Fashion Technology
Keywords:Soft robotics, hearing protection, biomimicry, wearable technology, morphological computation, fashion
Noise pollution has become an increasingly prevalent issue due to audio digitization in the modern world and can cause permanent damage to the ear. However, currently available hearing protection devices distort sound attenuation and are unpopular because they lack comfort and aesthetic appeal. Soft robotics enable new possibilities for morphological hearing protection that, when integrated with fashion, offer a modern and artistic solution. In this paper, we present EarBloom as a solution to combat hearing damage. Inspired by the natural blooming of a flower, EarBloom's folding actuation and high-fidelity chambers were designed and tested in 3D modeling software and utilize electrical stimuli to protect the ear automatically. EarBloom is an innovative, soft-robotic approach to hearing protection that integrates automatic protection, uniform attenuation, and aesthetic appeal.
References or Bibliography
Arezes, P M and Miguel, A S. “Hearing Protectors Acceptability in Noisy Environments.” The Annals of Occupational Hygiene, U.S. National Library of Medicine, pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/12176768/.
Banglmaier, R F, and S W Rouhana. “Investigation into the noise associated with airbag deployment: part III - sound pressure level and auditory risk as a function of inflatable device.” Annual proceedings. Association for the Advancement of Automotive Medicine vol. 47 (2003): 25-50.
Brucker, Michael J, et al. “A morphometric study of the external ear: age- and sex-related differences.” Plastic and reconstructive surgery vol. 112,2 (2003): 647-52; discussion 653-4. doi:10.1097/01.PRS.0000070979.20679.1F
Cao, Leitao, et al. “Porous Materials for Sound Absorption.” Key Laboratory of Textile Science & Technology, Ministry of Education, College of Textiles, Donghua University, Shanghai 201620, China, 6 June 2018. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S2452213918300433#:~:text=Sound%20absorbing%20foams%20are%20made%20up%20of%20cellular,fibers%20may%20be%20continuous%20filaments%20or%20staple%20fibers.
Chepesiuk, Ron. “Decibel Hell: the Effects of Living in a Noisy World.” Environmental Health Perspectives, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, Jan. 2005, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1253729/.
“Choose The Hearing Protection That's Right For You.” Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 15 Aug. 2013, www.cdc.gov/niosh/topics/noise/choose.html.
Davis, Rickie. “What do we know about hearing protector comfort?” Noise & Health: A Bi-Monthly Interdisciplinary International Journal, 2008, www.noiseandhealth.org/article.asp?issn=1463-1741%3Byear=2008%3Bvolume=10%3Bissue=40%3Bspage=83%3Bepage=89%3Baulast=davis%3Baid=NoiseHealth_2008_10_40_83_44346
Geronimo, Gianluigi, et al. “Analog CMOS Peak Detect and Hold Circuits. Part 2. The Two-Phase Offset-Free and Derandomizing Configuration.” Nuclear Instruments & Methods in Physics Research, 21 Sept. 2001, www.bnl.gov/tcp/uploads/files/BSA01-28j.pdf.
Gliqanic, R. “Where Reticulated Polyurethane Foam's a Fit.” ResearchGate, Feb. 2008, www.researchgate.net/publication/296768203_Where_reticulated_Polyurethane_foam%27s_a_fit.
Goodwin, Casey. “Hearing Protection.” University of New Hampshire Bands, unhbands.org/athletic-bands/wildcat-marching-band/marching-health/285-hearing-protection.
Groenewold, Matthew R, et al. “Do Hearing Protectors Protect Hearing?” American Journal of Industrial Medicine, U.S. National Library of Medicine, Sept. 2014, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4671486/.
Heikenfield, J., et al. “Wearable Sensors: Modalities, Challenges, and Prospects.” Lab on a Chip, 17 Oct. 2017, gauchospace.ucsb.edu/courses/pluginfile.php/16299088/mod_resource/content/1/Heikenfeld-Wearable%20sensors-2018.pdf.
Hickey, Kathyrn. “Musician Earplugs: Knowledge, Attitudes, Beliefs, Behaviors, and Experiences Among Small Music Venue Workers” University of Northern Colorado Capstones & Scholarly Projects, 12 Dec. 2019. https://digscholarship.unco.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1148&context=capstones
Japatti, Sharanbasappa R, et al. “Anthropometric Assessment of the Normal Adult Human Ear.” Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery, Medknow Publications & Media Pvt Ltd, 2018, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6018292/.
Johnson, Patricia. “The High Notes of Musicians Earplugs.” Hearing Review, August 24. https://www.hearingreview.com/hearing-products/accessories/earmolds/high-notes-musicians-earplugs
Killion, Mead C. “Factors Influencing Use of Hearing Protection by Trumpet Players.” Trends in Amplification, SAGE Publications, Sept. 2012, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4040860/.
Liang, Haiyi, and L. Mahadevan. “Growth, Geometry, and Mechanics of a Blooming Lily.” PNAS, National Academy of Sciences, 5 Apr. 2011, www.pnas.org/content/108/14/5516#sec-6.
Littrell, Robert. “High Performance Piezoelectric MEMS Microphones.” University of Michigan Library, 2010, deepblue.lib.umich.edu/bitstream/handle/2027.42/75833/rlittrel_1.pdf.
“Loud Noise Can Cause Hearing Loss.” Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 21 July 2021, www.cdc.gov/nceh/hearing_loss/default.html.
Madhu, S., and Kumar, Arun. “A RESEARCH REVIEW ON AIRBAG IN AUTOMOBILE SAFETY SYSTEM.” ResearchGate, Jan. 2015, www.researchgate.net/publication/305481617_A_RESEARCH_REVIEW_ON_AIRBAG_IN_AUTOMOBILE_SAFETY_SYSTEM.
Pikul, James, et al. “High-Power Lithium Ion Microbatteries from Interdigitated Three-Dimensional Bicontinuous Nanoporous Electrodes.” ResearchGate, Apr. 2013, www.researchgate.net/publication/236206339_High-power_lithium_ion_microbatteries_from_interdigitated_three-dimensional_bicontinuous_nanoporous_electrodes.
Pu, Xiong, et al. “Wearable Self-Charging Power Textile Based on Flexible Yarn Supercapacitors and Fabric Nanogenerators.” Wiley Online Library, 5 Nov. 2015, onlinelibrary-wiley-com.proxy.library.ucsb.edu:9443/doi/10.1002/adma.201504403.
Samelli, Alessandra G, et al. “The Study of Attenuation Levels and the Comfort of Earplugs.” Noise & Health, Medknow Publications & Media Pvt Ltd, 2018, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5965002/.
Wang, Guanyun, et al. “ Printed Paper Actuator: A Low-cost Reversible Actuation and Sensing Method for Shape Changing Interfaces.” CHI 2018 Paper, 26 April 2018.
Wallace. “Hearing Protection Device” Hearing Center of Excellence, hearing.health.mil/Prevention/Hearing-Protection-Devices.
Wertel, John. “Experimental Analysis of Noise Reduction Properties of Sound Absorbing Foam”. The Graduate College, University of Wisconsin-Stout, May 2000. http://www2.uwstout.edu/content/lib/thesis/2001/2001wertels.pdf
“What Noises Cause Hearing Loss?” Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 7 Oct. 2019, www.cdc.gov/nceh/hearing_loss/what_noises_cause_hearing_loss.html.
Zhou, Dan, et al. “A Flexible Self-Charging Sodium-Ion Full Battery for Self-Powered Wearable Electronics.” Royal Society of Chemistry , 2020, pubs-rsc-org.proxy.library.ucsb.edu:9443/en/content/articlelanding/2020/ta/d0ta05006g#!divAbstract.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2022 Kayla Youhanaie, Tanya Vidhun, Bryan Mui; Yin Yu
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Copyright holder(s) granted JSR a perpetual, non-exclusive license to distriute & display this article.