Designing a Science-based Strategy to Prepare for the Next Pandemic


  • Letian Xue University Hill Secondary
  • Reto Asmis Scholar Launch
  • Mark Crowder Scholar Launch



SARS-CoV-2, COVID-19, pandemic preparation, anti-viral drug discovery, healthcare infrastructure,


The emergence of SARS-CoV-2 led to a severe pandemic across the world. However, the globe did not response to the pandemic properly and preparedly, causing the impact of the pandemic to be more adverse than it should be. Many lessons can be learned from the experience of tackling the current pandemic and used to help prepare for the next pandemic, which is inevitable. In finding out the most suitable preparation strategy, research was conducted on the epidemiology of the coronavirus, current therapeutic options for treatment of COVID-19, and current anti-epidemic strategies and policies. It was determined that efficient tactics to prepare for and combat next virus outbreak include developing anti-viral drugs, improving healthcare infrastructure, and educating the general public. If these measures can be implemented, preparedness for the next pandemic will be significantly improved, leading to significantly reduced severity of the pandemic.


Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Reto Asmis, Scholar Launch


Mark Crowder, Scholar Launch


References or Bibliography

CDC. Symptoms of covid-19. Retrieved August 20 from

CDC. (2020). Case Investigation and Contact Tracing : Part of a Multipronged Approach to Fight the COVID-19 Pandemic. Retrieved August 20 from

Dolgin, E. (2021). The race for antiviral drugs to beat COVID — and the next pandemic. Nature, 592, 340-343.

Frieden, T. R., Buissonnière, M., & McClelland, A. (2021). The world must prepare now for the next pandemic. BMJ Glob Health, 6(3).

Gao, Z., Xu, Y., Sun, C., Wang, X., Guo, Y., Qiu, S., & Ma, K. (2021). A systematic review of asymptomatic infections with COVID-19. J Microbiol Immunol Infect, 54(1), 12-16.

Hotez, P. (2021). COVID vaccines: time to confront anti-vax aggression. In (Vol. 592, pp. 661). Nature.

Jin, Y., Yang, H., Ji, W., Wu, W., Chen, S., Zhang, W., & Duan, G. (2020). Virology, Epidemiology, Pathogenesis, and Control of COVID-19. Viruses, 12(4).

Kandola, A. (2020). Anti-vaxxer: Definition, beliefs, risks, and more. Medilexicon International. Retrieved August 20 from

Kathleen, J. (2021). How to Debunk Misinformation about COVID, Vaccines and Masks. In We each have more power to be a science communicator than we realize (Vol. 324, pp. 44-51). Scientific American.

Maani, N., & Galea, S. (2020). COVID-19 and Underinvestment in the Public Health Infrastructure of the United States. The Milbank Quarterly, 98.

Sayers, A., McMahon, N., & Alcantara, C. (2021). The COVID-19 crisis is about physical infrastructure too. Retrieved August 20 from

Soy, A. (2020). Coronavirus in AFRICA: Five reasons why covid-19 has been less deadly than elsewhere. BBC. Retrieved August 20 from

Triggle, C. R., Bansal, D., Ding, H., Islam, M. M., Farag, E. A. B. A., Hadi, H. A., & Sultan, A. A. (2021). A Comprehensive Review of Viral Characteristics, Transmission, Pathophysiology, Immune Response, and Management of SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 as a Basis for Controlling the Pandemic. Front Immunol, 12, 631139.

Worldometer. Coronavirus cases. Retrieved August 20 from

Yüce, M., Filiztekin, E., & Özkaya, K. G. (2021). COVID-19 diagnosis -A review of current methods. Biosens Bioelectron, 172, 112752.



How to Cite

Xue, L., Asmis, R., & Crowder, M. (2021). Designing a Science-based Strategy to Prepare for the Next Pandemic. Journal of Student Research, 10(4).



HS Research Projects