Quantitative Analysis of the Impact of Microcredit for Women Microentrepreneurs
Keywords:Microcredit, Microentrepreneuers, Women Empowerment
Microcredit has a fundamental role as a tool for financial inclusion. It is estimated that there are almost 50 million microentrepreneurs in Brazil, of which two-thirds are women. This work aims to analyze the impact of microcredit for women microentrepreneurs in comparison with men, based on data collected in northeastern Brazil in partnership Avante, a fintech specialized in microcredit. Data were collected from microentrepreneurs who had access to credit (treatment group) and those who did not have their credit granted (control group) so that they could be compared. The analysis was divided into two parts. In Part I, a descriptive statistical analysis of the collected data was performed. In Part II, some simplified causal inference techniques were applied to validate whether the impact of microcredit existed for women microentrepreneurs. The results give strong indications that women, despite having a lower income, grow more than men after access to microcredit. The annualized growth in income of women was 19.87%, while that of men was 14.66%.
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