Addressing the Exclusionary Nature of Eurocentric World History Instruction- A Systematic Literature Review


  • Yoon Kim Portola High School
  • Daniel Hunter Mentor, Portola High School



Education, World history, Buddhism


The exclusion of global knowledge in favor of a condensed western-centric history curriculum casts a shadow on the fact that America is the most globalized and culturally diverse nation in the world. This paper aims to analyze the standards-based world history curriculum as taught in high school among both regular and Advanced Placement classes for its deficiency in providing a comprehensive global history. The primary topic used in the qualitative content analysis and systematic literature review is Buddhism and its spread throughout China. Especially with the curriculum change from the College Board’s AP World History to AP World History: Modern, key developments in history are marginalized in favor of a direct look at history beginning in the 13th century (1200 CE onwards). Twenty-five world history instructor websites were analyzed to explore the extent of instruction on concepts related to Buddhism in East Asia. The literature review results support the hypothesis that the major world religion is sparsely covered in the greater picture of general world history. Included is a short paper covering information on the spread of Buddhism into China based on research findings from more in-depth college courses as well as simple internet browsing. This paper concludes with a recommendation that educational policies and curriculum standards address the growing diversity of the U.S. student population.


Download data is not yet available.

References or Bibliography


Albert, E., & Maizland, L. (2020, September 25). The State of Religion in China. Council on Foreign Relations.

Buddhistdoor. (2018, January 22). Buddhism in China Today: An Adaptable Present, a Hopeful Future. Buddhistdoor.

California State Board of Education. (1998). History-Social Science Content Standards for California Public Schools: Kindergarten Through Grade Twelve.

Coursicle. (2021). GCHNSHU 110 - The Concept of China. In Coursicle app. Coursicle.

Foy, G. (n.d.). Buddhism in China. Asia Society.,in%20popularity%20and%20political%20influence

He, Y. (2011, September). Buddhism In The Economic History of China. McSphere: McMaster University Libraries Institutional Respository.

Lewis, J. Wilson, Hsu, Cho-yun, Suzuki, Chusei, Wilbur, C. Martin, Dull, Jack L., Lieberthal, Kenneth G., McKnight, Brian E., Elman, Benjamin, Young, Ernest P., Chen, Cheng-Siang, Twitchett, Denis C., Franke, Herbert, Silbergeld, Jerome, Keightley, David N., Zürcher, Erik, Rawski, Evelyn S., Chan, Hoklam, Liu, James T. C., Hucker, Charles O., Feuerwerker, Albert, White, Lynn and DeWoskin, Kenneth J. (2021, May 25). China. Encyclopedia Britannica.

O'Brien, B. (2019, January 28). Who Is the Laughing Buddha? A Surprising Piece of Buddhist History. Learn Religions.,now%20the%20province%20of%20Zhejiang

Onion, A., Sullivan, M., & Mullen, M. (2017, December 21). Tang Dynasty.

Palumbo, A. (2017). Exemption Not Granted: The Confrontation between Buddhism and the Chinese State in Late Antiquity and the ›First Great Divergence‹ Between China and Western Eurasia. Medieval Worlds, medieval worlds (Volume 6. 2017), 118–155.

Pang, K. (2021, March 18). Buddhism in China - Ancient History to Beliefs Today.

Roos, D. (2018, August 24). That Fat, Jolly Fella Isn't Buddha. HowStuffWorks.,and%20sweets%20from%20his%20sack

Teiser, S., & Verellen, F. (2011). Buddhism, Daoism, and Chinese Religion. Cahiers D'Extrême-Asie, 20, 1-12. Retrieved May 26, 2021, from

UCLA Common Collaboration Learning Environment. (2021). Introduction to Buddhism. In UCLA CCLE Shared System. UC Regents.

Yang, L.-sheng. (1950). Buddhist Monasteries and Four Money-raising Institutions in Chinese History. Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies, 13(1/2), 174-191.

Yu, D. (1971). Buddhism in Communist China: Demise or Co-Existence? Journal of the American Academy of Religion, 39(1), 48-61. Retrieved May 28, 2021, from

Zürcher, E. (28 Nov. 2013). Buddhism in China. Leiden, The Netherlands: Brill. doi:



How to Cite

Kim, Y., & Hunter, D. (2021). Addressing the Exclusionary Nature of Eurocentric World History Instruction- A Systematic Literature Review. Journal of Student Research, 10(3).



HS Review Articles