Investigating Auditory and Visual Memory and Sequencing- Exploring Strengthening Therapeutics for Alzheimer's Patients


  • Chloe Ganjian North Shore Hebrew Academy High School
  • Merideth McCarthy North Shore Hebrew Academy High School



Alzheimer’s disease, memory, auditory, visual, therapeutics


In modern society, the inherent differences found between females and males are a sensitive topic of debate. It is common for people to associate females with the possession of stronger and more profound visual and auditory memory in comparison to males. This research explored the variances between the sexes by examining and comparing the auditory and visual memories of a population of females and a population of males. The auditory and visual memories of the different sexes will be analyzed through a variety of tasks that will measure their memory capabilities. 


Participants of the experiment took two pre-designed tests, a different test for each type of memory. The auditory test included four distinct sounds that played in a specific pattern and challenged the participants’ memory capacities. Through the use of MATLAB, a program developed by MathWorks, and by using coding language, a visual memory game was developed for the visual test. This test contained four different colors that illuminated in a specific sequence. Each participant completed two trials for each type of test to allow them the opportunity to achieve their maximum potential. 


The analysis of the results contradicted stereotypical beliefs embedded in societal norms. Males collectively demonstrated a higher capacity for memory than females. Notably, both sexes improved their memory performance on the visual tests more than the auditory tests. An application of these results could be used as therapeutic exercises to help strengthen the memory of patients who suffer from Alzheimer’s disease and other memory loss.


Download data is not yet available.

Author Biography

Merideth McCarthy, North Shore Hebrew Academy High School

Coordinator of advanced science research. 

References or Bibliography

Archakov, D., DeWitt, I., Kusmierek, P., Ortiz-Rios, M., Cameron, D., Cui, D., Morin, E., VanMeter, J., Sams, M., Jaaskelainen, I., & Rauschecker, J. (2020). Auditory Representation of Learned Sound Sequences in Motor Regions of the Macaque Brain. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 117(26): 15242-15252.

Barton, B. & Brewer, A. (2013). Visual Working Memory in Human Cortex. Psychology (Irvine), 4(8): 655-662.

Brady, T., Konkle, T. & Alvarez, G. (2011). A Review of Visual Memory Capacity: Beyond Individual Items and Towards Structured Representations. J Vis, 11(5): 4.

Cohen, M., Horowitz, T. & Wolfe, J. (2009). Auditory Recognition Memory is Inferior to Visual Recognition Memory. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science of the United States of America, 106(14): 6008-6010.

Ferguson, Melanie & Henshaw, Helen (2015). Auditory Training Can Improve Working Memory, Attention, and Communication in Adverse Conditions for Adults with Hearing Loss. Frontiers in Psychology, 6: 556.

Friedman, G., Johnson, L., & Williams, Z. (2018). Long-Term Visual Memory and Its Role in Learning Suppression. Frontiers in Psychology, 9: 1896.

Gloeds, M. & Gregg, M. (2019). The Fidelity of Visual and Auditory Memory. Psychon Bull Rev 26, 1325-1332.

Lu, Z., Neuse, J., Madigan, S. & Dosher, B. (2005). Fast Decay of Iconic Memory in Observers with Mild Cognitive Impairments. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science of the United States of America, 102(5): 1797-1802.

Nees, Michael (2016). Have We Forgotten Auditory Sensory Memory? Retention Intervals in Studies of Nonverbal Auditory Working Memory. Frontiers in Psychology, 7: 1892.

Nishihara, M., Inui, K., Morita, T., Kodaira, M., Mochizuki, H., Otsuru, N., Motomura, E., Ushida, T. & Kakigi, R. (2014). Echoic Memory: Investigation of Its Temporal Resolution by Auditory Offset Cortical Responses. PLOS ONE, 9(8).

Plakke, B. & Romanski, L. (2014). Auditory Connections and Functions of Prefrontal Cortex. Frontiers in Neuroscience, 8:199.



How to Cite

Ganjian, C., & McCarthy, M. . . (2021). Investigating Auditory and Visual Memory and Sequencing- Exploring Strengthening Therapeutics for Alzheimer’s Patients. Journal of Student Research, 10(2).



HS Research Projects