A Violation of “One Country, Two Systems:” Chinese Encroachment on Hong Kong’s Democratic Autonomy


  • Ryan Selig The Potomac School
  • Bridget Gagne The Potomac School
  • Nick MacDonald The Potomac School




Hong Kong, China, Democratic Autonomy, “One Country, Two Systems”, Politics, Media, Education


Since 1997 Hong Kong has operated as a Special Administrative Region (SAR) of the People’s Republic of China under a policy known as “One Country, Two Systems.” An analysis of the critical period of 1997-2020 (which came to a close with the 2020 National Security Law) demonstrates the ways in which the People’s Republic of China has used its influence to limit the democratic autonomy and ideological independence of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region. By breaking down China’s actions into three distinct sections of politics, media, and education this review addresses the many layers and facets of Chinese encroachment on the freedoms of the people of Hong Kong. In the political sector, China has worked to limit democratic representation in Hong Kong via interference in the executive, legislative, and judicial branches of Hong Kong’s government. In the field of media, China has used direct and indirect editorial action as well as economic influence to limit negative perceptions of Beijing. In the education system, China has taken a top-down approach to instill Chinese patriotism in Hong Kong’s curriculum to expand the support for China in Hong Kong’s youth. Tracking these violations of Hong Kong’s autonomy and also the people’s response demonstrates that although China continues to push the “One Country” aspect of the “One Country, Two Systems” policy, the people of Hong Kong will continue to fight for their freedoms as long as they have a voice.


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How to Cite

Selig, R., Gagne, B., & MacDonald, N. (2020). A Violation of “One Country, Two Systems:” Chinese Encroachment on Hong Kong’s Democratic Autonomy. Journal of Student Research, 9(2). https://doi.org/10.47611/jsrhs.v9i2.1103



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